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    Business fights for workers

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    Agricultural producers have joined the struggle to retain personnel against the background of the partial mobilization announced in Russia. Industry associations are asking the Ministry of Agriculture to help provide a deferment for workers, highlighting the risks of disrupting the harvest campaign, fruit shortages and rising prices. Manufacturers of building materials turned to the government with a similar request, where in the first days entire workshops were mobilized. They fear that military conscription will affect highly skilled professionals who are hard to find replacements for. Experts hope that the authorities will further regulate the legal relations on mobilization so that certain sectors of production do not stop working.

    Kommersant has read the letter from the Chairman of the Association of Nurseries and Gardeners of the Stavropol Territory, Aidyn Shirinov, dated September 23 to the head of the Ministry of Agriculture, Dmitry Patrushev with a request to “provide assistance” in granting a delay in the mobilization of workers in the industry.

    The appeal says that the mobilization of people employed in the industrial gardening of workers will lead to disruption of the harvesting campaign and disruption of the technological cycle of production. Modern horticulture is a continuous cycle, from growing seedlings to processing products, and a shortage of specialists threatens to disrupt deliveries at all stages, the letter said. The Ministry of Agriculture did not provide a comment.

    According to him, it is necessary to make an exception for horticulture, since the industry has not achieved self-sufficiency indicators. Russia provides itself with only 40% of apples, instead of the established 60-70%, Mr. Shirinov explains.

    According to him, the shortage of personnel may lead to a suspension of investments, a decrease in fruit production and an increase in prices in the future year. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, in 2022 the harvest of berries and fruits in the Russian Federation can grow from 1.4 million to 1.5 million tons. indicate that it is also almost impossible to replace specialists in this industry. According to Kommersant‘s sources, now the situation is especially complicated by the ongoing harvesting, so a delay is required at least until the completion of seasonal work. Some specialists are actually “taken straight from the field,” says the interlocutor of Kommersant in a large agricultural holding.

    The interlocutor of Kommersant in the meat industry fears that prolonged absence from the workplace of highly qualified specialists can lead to serious interruptions in production. In his opinion, it would be logical at the first stage to create not a list of specific people who are not subject to mobilization, but a list of critical positions in the structures. According to one of Kommersant‘s interlocutors, the Ministry of Agriculture “is trying to minimize the risks for the industry, but the process is slow and so far without a visible effect.”

    , “Russol”, “Dymov”, “Makfa”, “May”) Dmitry Leonov considers it wrong to extend immunity from conscription or give deferrals completely to some sectors. But it would be quite reasonable to keep the head and determine a certain number of irreplaceable employees from the total number according to the lists submitted from enterprises of the agro-industrial complex, food and processing industry, he admits. for employees with rare and high-tech specialties and who are registered with the military, the authorities are asking the National Association of Manufacturers of Building Materials and the Construction Industry (NOPSM). On September 23, the organization sent a corresponding appeal to Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin.

    The head of the NOPSM, Alexander Ruchev, explained to Kommersant that this appeal was drawn up at the numerous requests of construction industry enterprises. The office of Mr. Khusnullin and the Ministry of Construction did not respond to a request from Kommersant.

    A similar letter was sent to the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov by the Association of Pipeline Systems Manufacturers (APTS). APTS General Director Vladislav Tkachenko recalls that industry enterprises, including pipe products and products for the needs of the housing and communal services sector, provide supplies under the state defense order, implement national projects, take part in the gasification program for the regions of the Russian Federation and in federal construction programs, which, without qualified personnel, can

    Besides, the heating season is ahead, and an accident at water supply and heat supply enterprises will lead to a shutdown of all systems, he adds. The Ministry of Industry and Trade did not respond to a request from Kommersant.

    The construction industry has already begun to lose personnel, as many employees responsible for the implementation of large projects left their jobs, fearing mobilization, adds the managing partner of the Meta group Maxim Leshchev.

    “A significant part of the employees of our enterprises meet the selection criteria for the first wave of mobilization, and their call may force the company to stop production, since it will not be possible to quickly find a replacement,” says the general director of Sen -Gobain Building Products Rus (manufacturer of building materials) Rafael Zohrabyan. In such conditions, production will begin to lose profitability, Vladislav Tkachenko believes.

    The mobilization of employees of construction companies, as the Ministry of Construction announced on September 23, will be “carried out in a general manner.” They argue that the industry “has formed a significant potential to continue the construction of planned facilities and maintain the dynamics of housing commissioning.” However, the pandemic has dealt a serious blow to the personnel potential of the construction industry – the industry has not coped with this so far, Vladimir Shchekin, co-owner of the Rodina group, objects.

    Now it takes three to six months to design one house, and if some of the designers leave, then the terms may increase up to a year, emphasizes Dmitry Sofronov, commercial director of DARS Development.

    Maxim Leshchev adds that in large construction companies, highly qualified personnel are responsible for most of the processes that are transferred to another employee It will take a lot of time, which can increase the time of project implementation. Often, complex equipment and machinery is used in production, on which specialists have been trained for more than one year, and many companies use technologies that require serious special knowledge, agrees Alexander Ruchev.

    Partner of the law firm Rustam Kurmaev and partners » Dmitry Gorbunov believes that government agencies, in any case, sooner or later will come to the need to additionally regulate legal relations on mobilization so that certain sectors of production do not stop working. In the meantime, the lawyer believes, the initiative is in the hands of market participants.

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