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    Ex-colonel of the General Staff Khodarenok told how to deal with the HIMARS MLRS

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    In the course of a special military operation, the importance of radar reconnaissance systems and anti-aircraft missile cover turned out to be exceptionally great. In addition to the fight against manned aircraft and UAVs, anti-aircraft missile systems and complexes are faced with the task of destroying shells of multiple launch rocket systems.

    the projectile of the American HIMARS system flies much faster than a tactical ballistic missile, and therefore it is impossible to hit it with the S-300/400 air defense system. “The Russian S-300 Favorit and S-400 Triumph can only hit missiles, not shells. Therefore, they are not a means of anti-aircraft missile cover, but a pile of useless scrap metal, ”the press service of the Armed Forces of Ukraine said.

    Let’s figure it out in order. For the S-300 air defense guidance radar and the S-400 multifunctional air defense radar, there is absolutely no difference between a tactical missile and a missile.

    first of all, an effective reflective surface (or an effective scattering surface). Other characteristics of the target (speed, flight altitude, maneuverability) for modern air defense systems / air defense systems are not so critical. Therefore, as an object of destruction, HIMARS rockets (as well as ATACMS missiles) for the S-300 and S-400 are nothing special.

    Technically, HIMARS shells – an easy target for the S-300 and S-400.

    The difficulties of combating anti-aircraft missile systems with HIMARS projectiles are completely different. The fact is that the firing positions of HIMARS during live firing are at a distance of 70-80 km. from the target. That is, almost from the moment of launch, the shells of the American MLRS are already in the launch zone of the anti-aircraft missile system. It is necessary immediately after the detection and capture of these targets by the S-300/400 air defense system, it is necessary to open fire.

    But for this, the anti-aircraft missile system must be turned on, the power supply must be carried out from regular means, the air defense system has been tested for operation, there must be a full combat crew at the workplace, illumination and guidance radars (multifunctional S-400 radars) are deployed towards the firing positions of the HIMARS MLRS and work on radiation, anti-aircraft guided missiles go through the necessary training cycle.

    That is, the S-300/400 air defense system should be in readiness for immediate opening of fire.

    It is quite obvious that anti-aircraft missile weapons will be in this state for a long period time cannot. And the HIMARS MLRS is a highly mobile system, and it’s quite difficult to say at times (without accurate intelligence) where military vehicles will be deployed in a particular place. That is, the highest requirements are put forward for reconnaissance in general and for the radar reconnaissance system in this case.

    Among other things, if a series of rockets is launched by the enemy, then the first targets can be shot down by individual air defense systems / air defense systems , and all the rest during the execution of live firing will simply leave the affected area. In this case, it is necessary to strengthen the grouping of anti-aircraft missile forces in key areas in order to conduct live firing with a large concentration of fire.

    The opinion of the author may not coincide with the position of the editors.

    Author biography:

    Mikhail Mikhailovich Khodarenok – military observer of Gazeta, retired colonel.

    Graduated from the Minsk Higher Engineering Anti-Aircraft Missile School (1976),
    Military Command Academy of Air Defense (1986).
    Commander of the S-75 anti-aircraft missile division (1980–1983). ).
    Senior officer of the Main Staff of the Air Defense Forces (1988–1992).
    Officer of the Main Operational Directorate of the General Staff (1992–2000).
    Graduate of the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces (1998).
    Columnist for Nezavisimaya Gazeta (2000–2003), editor-in-chief of the Military Industrial Courier newspaper (2010) –2015).

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