Global experts, including those from China and the United States, are likely to engage in heated exchanges on different solutions to international security issues at the Beijing Xiangshan Forum’s upcoming expert video conference, Senior Col. Zhao Xiaozhuo, Deputy Director of Beijing Xiangshan Forum Secretariat. Global Times on Monday in an exclusive interview. sensitive issues, but will instead focus on discussing solutions to these issues, Zhao revealed.
He also said that depending on the epidemic situation, relevant parties all expect that the 10th Beijing Xiangshan Forum will be held in 2023. Initiated in 2006, the Beijing Xiangshan Forum has become a vital platform of influence for dialogue on defense and security in the Asia-Pacific region. The forum has been postponed since 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Instead, annual expert video conferences and a series of academic symposia have been organized by the Xiangshan Forum Secretariat.So far, 40 experts from 14 countries and one international organization have confirmed their participation at this year’s event, Chinese Defense Ministry spokesperson Wu Qian said at a press conference on Thursday.The international security situation has deteriorated since 2020, with the Russian-Ukrainian conflict is a typical reflection as it has disrupted the peace and stability in Europe which had been maintained for 30 years since the end of the Cold War, and it has lasted longer than anyone predicted, has noted Zhao.The impact of the conflict on international security is enormous, causing various problems including refugee crisis, food crisis and energy crisis, while deepening the economic downturn, Zhao said. In the same At the same time, China-US relations face many uncertainties, the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread, and climate change profoundly affects human survival and development. All of these factors combine and raise public concern about the international security environment, Zhao said.Countries share a mutual understanding of the current international security situation, but each has its own solution. The US solution, for example, is Cold War thinking and a zero-sum game. “The United States divides the countries of the world into different ranks, sets up strategic competitors, exaggerates great power competition, strengthens the alliance system, and engages in ‘integrated deterrence.’ their solution is competition, containment, and repression. The United States places particular emphasis on military priority because the military is the most useful and immediately effective tool in its strategic toolbox. Isn’t there a saying: no matter where there is a crisis in the world, the US president must first ask where the US aircraft carriers are at the time,” Zhao said. China‘s solution, on the contrary, is based on mutual respect and win-win cooperation and is carefully embodied in the Global Security Initiative (GSI), according to Zhao. The GSI was proposed by the President Chinese Xi Jinping at the opening ceremony of the Forum of B oao 2022. Focused on six key areas, the initiative is China‘s solution to the tense international security situation. “The GSI attaches great importance to the legitimate security concerns of all countries and emphasizes common security and different divisions of security, which clearly goes beyond Western theories of national security. Which of the proposals of the China and the United States, or any other solution offered by a third country, can cope with the complex situation of the current world?We hope that experts and scholars from all over the world will express their opinions on the platform provided by the Beijing Xiangshan Forum,” Zhao said.Themed to come together to promote GSI and safeguard peaceful development, this year’s expert video conference will focus on the keyword of security and discuss six topics, including stability and development in the Asia-Pacific region, the impact of regional conflicts on global security, and the changing and unchanging patterns of war. The experts and scholars who will attend the conference are those from the United States, Russia, India, Japan, South Korea and Singapore. They should engage in heated exchanges on burning issues like the Russian-Ukrainian conflict and China-US relations, Zhao predicted. For example, Graham Allison, Douglas Dillon Professor of Government at the University of Harvard and author of Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’ Trap? and Andrey Kortunov, Director General of the Russian Council for International Affairs, will voice their opinions during a section titled “Major Countries Pursuing Their Own Interests and Sharing Global Security Responsibilities.”According Allison’s Thucydides Trap theory, when a rising power threatens to displace a ruling power, the most likely outcome is war. “We decided to invite Allison because we hope he can share his recent observations and thoughts on China-US relations and whether he has changed his mind,” Zhao said. Kortunov is also a famous and influential scholar and has served in the government before. He is also interested in whether war is destined to break out between the great powers, especially between China and the United States. But apparently he has a different idea of Allison based on published documents, according to Zhao. “Every country has its own interests which must be safeguarded, but there are legitimate and illegitimate interests: survival interests and development interests are legitimate and each country must safeguard them. But for the superpowers, for safeguard the interests of hegemony and group camps, they often have to go beyond their own legitimate interests.Therefore, this section is designed to focus on the limit of a country’s legitimate security interests , or on the balance between pursuing a major country’s own interests and being responsible for global development security,” Zhao explained. This year’s expert video conference also invited many military attaches in China from some foreign countries. This will promote exchanges and interaction between foreign military and Chinese military scholars, and also demonstrate the openness and transparency of the military. and Chinese. Military attachés in China will also have the opportunity to gain an in-depth understanding of Chinese ideas and proposals such as the GSI, and promoting the establishment of a community with a shared future for mankind, Zhao said. The ninth Beijing Xiangshan Forum held in 2019 saw a record number of participants, including 23 defense ministers, six army chiefs and 23 other vice-minister level officials from the Asia- Pacific, Europe, Africa and Latin America. The forum is a public security product that China has provided to the world. It has become a vital platform for medium and small countries to express their voices and parties involved in disputes to exchange ideas, according to Zhao. For example, in 2019 senior officials from North Korea and South Korea attended the forum and exchanged; scholars from Israel and Iran also appeared and communicated, according to Zhao.