Thermal power plants powered by foreign gas turbines can be placed on standby for one year due to a shortage of components amid sanctions. As Kommersant found out, idle stations will receive almost full payment for capacity: payment for paid-off objects will decrease by 10%, and for the rest – by 3%. The annual payment for 23 GW of stations on foreign turbines, according to analysts, may exceed 194 billion rubles. The industry criticizes the amendments, proposing to completely cancel the capacity payment for idle units.
The Supervisory Board of the Market Council (energy market regulator) at its next meeting on September 19 will consider new operating rules for power units powered by imported gas turbines. The amendments, which Kommersant has read, introduce a mechanism for “saving the resource of gas turbines” until the end of 2023.
Power units based on foreign gas turbines with a capacity of about 23 GW were built in the Russian Federation during the reform of RAO “UES of Russia” under power supply agreements (CDA, guarantee return on investment). Some stations continue to receive increased payments under CSA. For such stopped facilities, the maximum reduction in capacity payment will be 3%. For units that have paid off (operating in the market sector of competitive power take-off — KOM), the payment can be reduced by 10%.
This year, CSA units based on foreign turbines for 14.5 GW will receive about 175 billion rubles ., and the rest of the facilities for 8.8 GW – 19 billion rubles, calculated Sergey Rozhenko from Kept. Zapadnaya and Yugo-Zapadnaya CHPP, Kazanskaya CHPP-3 and other facilities, the analyst notes.
If we assume the shutdown of all units, the price of RSV will increase by 7-10% on average in the market, the analyst believes. “Reducing the payment for capacity will not be able to fully compensate for this imbalance. Although, taking into account other factors influencing the Russian industry, this factor can hardly be called significant,” says Mr. Rozhenko.
“Resource saving reduces the cost of equipment maintenance, but since the main part of operating costs does not depend on the actual , it is proposed to reduce the amount of power supplied not completely, ”explained Kommersant in the Market Council. The payment for CSA facilities includes not only operating costs, but also return on investment. In terms of operating costs, a 3% reduction for CSAs corresponds to a 10% reduction for KOM facilities, the regulator noted. , power system manager) about the need to “save the resource”. You can apply for units with certain brands of turbines – a total of 34 models, including GE and Siemens turbines. The list also included the GTE-110 turbine manufactured by UEC (part of Rostec), the 6FA turbine manufactured by Russian Gas Turbines under a GE license, as well as the localized GTE-160 manufactured by Siemens Gas Turbine Technology, analyst Yury Melnikov notes.
SO will publish for each month a list of energy districts where the simultaneous decommissioning of all gas turbines can lead to a decrease in the reliability of power supply to consumers. In such regions, the generating company can apply “with the last priority for inclusion”, that is, power units with gas turbines will be turned on last, explained Kommersant in SO. SO will determine such regions on the basis of the company’s statements and analysis of the scheme-regime situation in power districts. “The specified equipment will be in a cold reserve and, if it is in demand according to the regime, it can and should be put into operation without restrictions,” the SO said. heat generation, in particular, in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Yekaterinburg and other cities, Yury Melnikov notes. These stations will need to be taken into account in prospective heat supply schemes.
They also propose to develop support measures for companies that are faced with a forced extension of ongoing repairs due to blocking the supply of equipment and components, failure to fulfill service contracts.
In the “Community of Energy Consumers” they believe that simultaneously paying for the conservation of the resource of imported turbines and the creation of domestic analogues is “an extremely expensive and harmful decision for the economy.” In addition, a negligible reduction in the costs of suppliers for the maintenance of idle power units will not make it possible to compensate for the increase in prices in the DAM, they believe. Payment for the maintenance of idle equipment, according to consumers, it is advisable to cancel.