Education Minister Sergei Kravtsov said in an interview with TASS on the sidelines of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF) that the State Duma is now considering a draft law on the return of labor education to schools.
“A bill on the return of labor education is currently being considered in the State Duma. The deputies talked about this within the framework of the parliamentary hour, and parents are talking about it. This, of course, is important to instill from the school bench, including love for work, for socially useful work. I myself remember when I was at school, there was nothing shameful in this, it helps me in life now. And with the adoption of this law, we plan, among other things, to return labor to the education system,” the minister said.
Kravtsov noted that if the education system is treated as a service, labor education fades into the background, but now the situation is changing. In his opinion, work is primarily “the development of motor skills in children.”
On the draft law
Last November, State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin instructed the Duma Committee on Education to develop a draft law on labor education in schools.
On May 24, Deputy of the State Duma, member of the Labor Committee Andrey Isaev, head of the State Duma Committee on Education Olga Kazakova and others introduced a bill to the lower house proposing to consolidate the obligation of schoolchildren to work taking into account age characteristics – to clean classrooms, plant trees in the school grounds, help in the library and sew theatrical costumes. The key parameter of the bill was the abolition of the rule prohibiting the involvement of students in labor without their consent or the consent of their parents (part 4 of article 34 of the law “On Education in the Russian Federation”).
The explanatory note to the project notes that “the formation of the right attitude towards work is a long process with a delayed result, and this process must begin in childhood.”
On May 26, Kravtsov announced that his department is working on the issue of returning the labor lesson to schools, which will differ from the subject “Technology”.
In a conversation with the Vedomosti newspaper, Isaev said that, according to the amendments, labor education will be integrated into the educational process. According to him, “children should participate in maintaining order in their educational institutions … we are talking about socially useful work, taking into account the age and psychophysical characteristics of schoolchildren.” He also noted that educational institutions will receive competencies to support labor and volunteering among schoolchildren.
According to him, at meetings with voters in the election campaign before the elections to the State Duma in 2021, one of the frequent questions from teachers was the impossibility of “asking a student to erase a swear word written by him from the board.” Isaev noted that in this regard, “the rule on permission for any labor effort on the part of the child also gave rise to a certain excess.”
Pros and cons
Also, in a conversation with Vedomosti, the co-chairman of the Teacher trade union, a teacher of Russian language and literature, Vsevolod Lukhovitsky, said that the initiative was more of an ideological nature.
“In the USSR, behind this [the work of schoolchildren] there was a different socio-economic reality. There were plants and factories where everyone worked, the state was interested in the labor force,” he said.
According to him, now such work will be either meaningless or strange.
Mikhail German, a partner at Varshavsky & Partners law firm, in turn noted that the proposed changes raise questions about their compliance with the law and actual implementation. Herman believes that some officials will have the opportunity to involve schoolchildren in work that is not provided for, or prohibited by Russian labor legislation. According to him, in order to avoid this, “it is necessary to clearly distinguish between the concepts of “socially useful work” and the labor relations of minors in principle.”“Girls must be able to cook, boys must know what a drill and screwdriver are” The Ministry of Education and the State Duma are considering the possibility of returning to labor education schools -… 03 March 13:09
In early March, Gazeta talked to teachers and parents to find out their attitude to the possible return of labor education.
So, Daria, the mother of two children, had three questions related to the legislative initiative. According to her, issues of hygiene, employment of children in circles and sections, as well as the health of individual children, for example, with allergies, remain unclear.
“The plans are to involve children depending on the state of health, that is, a child with allergies, for example, will not perform dusty work. I assure you that every second person now has certain health features, and it’s not difficult to figure out where to “get” a certificate from a doctor friend, ”she said.
Konstantin Belyaev, technology teacher at Moscow School No. 2120, on the other hand, approves the return of labor education.
“From my own experience, fifth graders come to class with great enthusiasm. And the main thing is to keep this interest. We are starting to create crafts – the heroes of your favorite TV shows and cartoons. It always resonates,” he said.
The teacher also noted that both boys and girls are interested in cooking, but so far there are difficulties with food allergies and the lack of a unified mechanism for purchasing ingredients for cooking in schools.