“We were supposed to stay in Syria until the end of the summer of 2011. That’s what they originally thought to do. But already at the beginning of April, the leadership from St. Petersburg told us to leave. Otherwise, our employment relationship was terminated. It’s good that we left. Already in May, problems with flights began, and in August civilian airports stopped working,” Anton Bondar, a Russian builder who was in Syria at the time of the protests, told Gazeta.
decided to stay, really much less fortunate.
“Hell started around July. The militants or, if you like, the rebels completely captured the city of Homs. It’s two and a half hours to Damascus by car and it’s the third city in the country. They seized weapons depots, military bases, heavy and long-range weapons. Then raids were carried out from there. For example, they drove up to the suburbs of Damascus and fired mortars from their pickup trucks. They left immediately. The country has declared martial law and a curfew. They began to provide water and electricity for an hour a day,” says Russian Olga Kupriy, who at that time lived in Damascus with her husband, Syrian engineer Amin Fares, and two daughters.
Fares himself admits that he did not want to leave the country, despite the constant persuasion of his wife.
The family left Syria in February 2012 on a plane of the Russian Emergencies Ministry with other refugees.
Islamists for Washington
The civil war, a direct consequence of street protests, continues in the country until so far. Its peak was in 2013-2019.
At various times, in addition to government forces and the Free Syrian Army (FSA), Russia, Iran and Hezbollah participated in the conflict (legally at the invitation of the official Damascus), the United States and several other NATO countries, including Turkey (Damascus considers them invaders), the so-called “Kurdish militia” and various groups of radical Islamists from Al-Qaeda (an organization banned in Russia) to ISIS (an organization banned in Russia).
“There was some kind of truth behind some of the participants in the war. For example, the Russian army was present there at the request of the legitimate government. The Kurds and Yezidis had their own truth. From the moment of the conflict, the Islamists began to cut them out, and they were forced to organize themselves. The United States and Turkey did not have the truth – they pursued purely imperialist interests, ”said Saad Harty, an international political scientist, professor at the British Durham University.
In the report of the Russian Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (CAST) “Syrian Frontier”, published in 2016, states that Washington and Istanbul decided to intervene based on confidence in the imminent fall of the Assad government, by analogy with the fall of the regime of Muammar Gaddafi in Libya.