Older people are more likely to get cancer than others. Yulia Vakhabova, a doctor at the Institute of Oncology at the European Medical Center, told Rossiyskaya Gazeta about this on Sunday, May 14.
According to her, elderly people are primarily at risk. The doctor said that after the age of 50, you need to undergo medical examinations more often, since immunity fails with age.
“Women are recommended to do mammography annually, colonoscopy, gastroscopy, CT of the lungs for both sexes,” the oncologist emphasized.
Vakhabova also classified smokers as a risk group, as they are seven times more likely to get cancer than other people. In addition, the doctor advised more frequent medical examinations for people who have a genetic predisposition to the disease. The oncologist attributed to the fourth risk group people who often interact with toxic and radioactive substances. For example, workers in hazardous industries. They should be more attentive to their skin and respiratory organs.
Vakhabova added that people with viral diseases are at risk of getting cancer. For example, HPV can cause cervical cancer, and people with hepatitis B and C are at risk for liver cancer. The dead end of cancer: scientists have described ways to prevent the development of metastases How to stop the spread of tumor foci throughout the body melanomas include genetic predisposition, the presence of multiple moles (the more of them on the body, the higher the danger) and belonging to a certain phenotype. One of the signs of melanoma, according to him, may be the appearance and rapid growth of a new mole on the body. It is important to pay attention to already existing moles that have begun to grow, the specialist added.
In addition, on May 5, oncologist, Deputy Director of the Institute of Oncology of the European Medical Center (EMC), MD. Pavel Koposov told Izvestia that malignant tumors can metastasize to different organs and parts of the body, depending on the type of cancer, its location, and other factors. So, he said that lung cancer itself in the last stages usually metastasizes to the lungs, as well as breast cancer, stomach cancer, skin melanoma, malignant tumors of the kidneys, rectum, bone sarcomas and cervical cancer.