BEIJING, Dec. 2 (Xinhua) — Jiang Zemin was an outstanding leader with high prestige recognized by the entire Communist Party of China (CPC), the entire military, and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups. .
He was a great Marxist and a great proletarian revolutionary, statesman, military strategist and diplomat. He was a long-proven communist fighter and an outstanding leader of the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. He was the nucleus of the third generation of the Party’s central collective leadership and the main founder of the Theory of Three Representations. Jiang’s life was glorious and combative. During his more than 70-year revolutionary career, he remained steadfast in communist ideals, totally loyal to the Party and the people, and resolutely committed to the cause of the Party and the people.After the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee, facing the complexity of domestic and international situations and the serious challenges posed by the serious twists and turns that world socialism had experienced, Jiang led the central collective leadership of the Party, firmly relying on the whole of the Party, the entire army and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups – to safeguard the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and successfully advance the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the 21st century. He has made indelible achievements and won the sincere love of the whole Party, the whole army and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups, as well as the wide acclaim of the international community. e. On August 17, 1926, Jiang was born into a family of patriotic intellectuals in Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province (East China). He was enlightened by patriotism and the ideas of the democratic revolution in his childhood. He was also deeply influenced by China‘s fine traditional culture. In 1943, Jiang was admitted to the Electrical Machinery Department of Central University then based in Nanjing, where he actively participated in anti-Japanese patriotic movements progressive students. After China won the war of resistance against Japanese aggression, Jiang continued his studies at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. In April 1946, he joined the CCP and became a communist fighter. After graduating from college in 1947, Jiang worked in a food factory in Shanghai. During this period, he engaged in groundbreaking publicity work with workers and young professionals in the evening schools of youth associations.Soon after the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, Jiang was successively the first deputy manager of Shanghai Yimin Food No. 1 Factory, the first deputy manager of Shanghai Soap Factory and the head of the electrical machinery section of Shanghai No. 2 Design Division of the First Ministry of the machine-building industry. To strengthen the efforts to resist American aggression and aid Korea, Jiang organized the production of canned food specially supplied to the Chinese People’s Volunteers. He also supervised the design of the first local turbo-generator in New China. In September 1954, Jiang was transferred to Changchun to participate in the construction of First Automotive Works. In April 1955, he went to Stalin’s automobile factory in Moscow for an internship. He returned to China in May 1956 and continued his work at the First Automotive Works, serving as Deputy Head of Dynamic Mechanical Division, Deputy Chief Engineer for Dynamic Mechanical and Power Plant Manager.In 1962, he worked as the deputy director of the Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute under the first ministry of machine-building industry, in charge of the organization’s research work.In May 1966, he worked as Director and Acting Party Secretary of the Wuhan Heat-Power Machinery Institute, where he became Party Secretary in September and organized the design of atomic power generation equipment. At the end of 1970, he began to work at the first ministry of the mechanical engineering industry. In 1971, he led the ministry’s team of experts in Romania, where he oversaw the construction of 11 factories aided by China.After returning to China in 1973, he held the position of director Deputy of the Foreign Affairs Bureau of the First Ministry of Mechanical Engineering Industry and later became the director of the bureau.In 1980, Jiang began to serve as vice president and simultaneously as general secretary of the State Administration Commission on Import and Export Affairs and the State Administration Commission on Foreign Investment and a member of the main groups of party members of the two commissions. He participated in the formulation of policies on the expansion of foreign trade, the introduction of advanced foreign technology and equipment, and the absorption and use of foreign capital. He also supervised the implementation of special policies and flexible measures in the provinces of Guangdong and Fujian and participated in the creation of special economic zones.In May 1982, he was appointed first vice-minister and Deputy Secretary of the Party Leading Group of the Ministry of Electronic Industry, then Minister and Secretary of the Party Leading Group of the Ministry in 1983.He led the restructuring and technological transformation of the electronic industry and made advance the R&D and production of key projects in integrated circuits, computers, communications and systems engineering.In September 1982, Jiang was elected a member of the CPC Central Committee at the 12th National Congress of the PCC. In 1985, he became mayor of Shanghai and deputy secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the PCC. In 1987, he was appointed secretary of the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee. Jiang focused on the central task of economic development and did his utmost to promote Shanghai’s reform, development and stability. He put forward the goal of making Shanghai an open, multifunctional, industrially well-structured, scientifically and technologically advanced, and culturally advanced modern socialist city by the end of the 20th century.In November 1987, Jiang announced was elected a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee at the first plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee.In June 1989, Jiang was elected a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Secretary General of the CPC Central Committee at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee. In November 1989, the Fifth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee decided that Jiang would be chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC ) of the CCP. In March 1990, Jiang was elected chairman of the CMC of the PRC at the third session of the 7th National People’s Congress. At the 14th National Congress of the CPC in October 1992, Jiang presented a report entitled “Accelerating Reform , openness to the outside world and the will to modernize, in order to achieve greater success in building socialism with Chinese characteristics”. In the report, Jiang proposed establishing the guiding role of Deng Xiaoping’s theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics in the Party, and identified the establishment of a socialist market economy as a goal of economic reforms. of China.In March 1993, Jiang was elected President of the PRC. In September 1997, Jiang presented a report titled “Hold High the Great Banner of Deng Xiaoping of the Cause of Building Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the 21st Century” at the 15th CPC National Congress. It was clearly stated in the report that a basic economic system for the primary phase of socialism in the country is one in which public property is the mainstay and various forms of property develop together.At the 16th Congress National Party of the CCP in November 2002, Jiang presented the report titled “Building a Prosperous Society Comprehensively and Creating a New Situation in Building Socialism with Chinese Characteristics,” which specified the goals of building a moderately prosperous society. society in all respects and has stipulated the basic requirement in the implementation of the Three Representation Theory.The Three Representation Theory enriches and develops the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and serves as a continuation, d enrichment and development of Marxism-Leninism, the thought of Mao Zedong and the theory of Deng Xiaoping.Jiang stressed that it is essential for the Party to give top priority to development in governance and rejuvenation of the country. Noting that development is of paramount importance and this strategic concept should always be maintained, Jiang said that confidence comes from prosperity, while backwardness makes a country vulnerable to attack. Jiang stressed that the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics should embody comprehensive economic, political and cultural development, which will see comprehensive socialist material and political progress, as well as than cultural and ethical progress. Jiang also pointed out that it is imperative to properly handle the relationship between reform, development and stability, because reform is the impetus, development is the goal, and stability is the prerequisite. At the 16th CPC National Congress, Jiang explained the goal of building a moderately prosperous society comprehensively.In the first two decades of the 21st century, efforts should be focused on building of a moderately prosperous society of a higher standard benefiting well over a billion people, he said.Jiang said China should further develop the economy, expand democracy, advance science and education, enrich its culture, promote social harmony and raise people’s living standards.Regarding the fundamental task of socialism with Chinese characteristics, Jiang said that it is necessary to give priority absolute importance to the concentration on the development of the productive forces, thus constantly promoting the development of the advanced productive forces.Entrepreneurs and technicians of private science-technology enterprises, management and technical personnel employed by enterprises foreign-funded, self-employed, private enterprise owners, middleman employees, freelancers and people from other social strata who have emerged in the social transformation are all builders of socialism with Chinese characteristics, he said. -he noted.Jiang also proposed the vigorous promotion of knowledge-based innovation, as well as scientific and technological innovation.Drawing lessons from the demise of the Soviet Union and drastic changes in Eastern European countries, and the Cultural Revolution in China, Jiang stressed the importance of adhering to socialism and carrying out reform. as a socialist to explore a path of socialist development that suits China. real conditions. In the 1990s, with the immense courage of a Chinese communist to persist in theoretical innovation and keep pace with the times, Jiang defined the construction of a socialist market economy as an objective of reform and has defined a basic framework in this regard. He also led the establishment of a basic economic system for the primary phase of socialism in which public property is the mainstay and various forms of property grow together, as well as a system of income distribution in which the distribution according to work is the mainstay while multiple forms of distribution exist alongside it. All these efforts have led to innovation in reform and opening up in all respects.To achieve development, progress and prosperity, Jiang said, China must open up to the outside world, promote economic, scientific, technological and cultural exchanges and cooperation with other countries, and embrace and learn from all that is advanced.China‘s entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) is necessary for China‘s economic development, reform and opening up, and the WTO also needs China, Jiang said, adding that the WTO without the participation of China, a country then with a population over 1.2 billion, would be incomplete, which would not be conducive to global economic development.China became a member of the WTO in December 2001.Jiang pointed out that to achieve modernization, the key lies in finding a path of national economic development with ec relatively rapid growth and relatively good economic performance, shifting the mode of economic growth from extensive to intensive and maintaining sustained, rapid and healthy development of the country. economy.He proposed a new path to industrialization, leading industrialization through informatization and promoting informatization through industrialization.Basics The main objective of economic development is to ‘improve people’s standard and quality of life,’ he said, adding that employment is crucial for people’s well-being.Jiang pointed out that to develop socialist democracy, the thing the most fundamental is to maintain the unity of the leadership of the Party, the management of the country by the people and the governance based on law.He stressed the need to guarantee the participation of the people in accordance with the law in democratic elections, decision-making, administration and control, ensuring that the people enjoy broad rights and freedoms, and respecting and protecting human rights. Jiang stressed that the political structural reform is the self-improvement and development of the socialist political system. He stressed the need to base efforts on China‘s real conditions, sum up China‘s practical experience, and learn from other countries’ political achievements instead of blindly copying Western political systems. Regarding the development of socialist culture with Chinese characteristics, Jiang stressed adhering to the purpose of serving the people and socialism and the principle of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools of thought compete, uphold the themes of era and promote diversity.He emphasized closely combining the improvement of the legal system with ethical progress, and combining the rule of law with the rule of virtue. Jiang put forward many thoughts on the work of national defense and the people’s armed forces, and established Jiang Zemin’s thought on strengthening national defense and the armed forces. He underlined the general requirements of building politically and militarily competent armed forces with good conduct, strict discipline and strong logistical support, and focusing on the historical issue of ensuring that the armed forces can fight to win without never degrade their character. He also pointed to China‘s unwavering adherence to a Chinese approach of having fewer but better troops, and making them more revolutionary, modern and standardized. In the 1990s, the CPC Central Committee and the CMC formulated the military strategy of active defense for the new period and made major changes in strategic orientation, shifting the focus of military preparation from managing local wars fought under general conditions to winning local wars conducted in technological conditions, in particular high-tech conditions. Later, it was further proposed that winning local wars in the information age is the focus of military preparedness.The decision to ban military and armed police units, as well as to the judiciary, procuratorate and public security organs to do business was advanced by Jiang. On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong returned to its homeland. On December 20, 1999, Macau returned. Jiang traveled to Hong Kong and Macao to attend the handover ceremonies. The return of Hong Kong and Macao has enriched “one country, two systems” in theory and practice. Jiang also pushed both sides of the Taiwan Strait to reach the 1992 Consensus, which embodies the principle of one China. He also encouraged cross-strait consultations and negotiations. In a speech titled “Continue to promote the reunification of the motherland” in January 1995, Jiang stressed that adhering to the one-China principle is the basis and premise for peaceful reunification. By not pledging to renounce the use of force, we are in no way targeting our Taiwan compatriots, but rather foreign forces plotting to interfere with China‘s reunification and plots to achieve “independence of Taiwan,” he said. Jiang presented a set of thoughts on foreign affairs and international strategy. He said peace and development remain the themes of our times, adding that China will unswervingly pursue an independent foreign policy of peace with the aim of safeguarding world peace and promoting common development. He also advocated active actions to build a multipolar world, promote greater democracy in international relations, respect the world’s diversity, and strengthen exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations.Jiang promoted the creation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the first regional cooperation organization established with the participation of China and named after a Chinese city.The spirit of Shanghai upheld by the SCO – trust mutual, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for various civilizations and the pursuit of common development – has exercised an important influence on contemporary international relations.Jiang stressed that to govern the country well, the Party must first to govern itself well, and that means to govern it strictly.He highlighted the two historical tasks of the Party, both improving its leadership and governance, and strengthen its ability to resist corruption and bear risk.He stressed that the Party should always be the vanguard of the Chinese working class, the vanguard of the Chinese people and the nation China, and the leading core of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, representing the requirements of developing China‘s advanced productive forces, the direction of China‘s advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the broadest possible majority of the people Chinese.He said that the greatest danger for the Party when it becomes the ruling party is its detachment from the masses and that resolutely opposing and preventing corruption is a major political task for the whole Party.Stressing the importance of adhering to the Party’s mass line, he demanded that the Party do everything for the people while relying on the people in every task. He asked officials at all levels to keep in mind the purpose of wholeheartedly serving the people and doing practical and good things for them.He united and led the central collective leadership of the CPC to deal with a series of international emergencies regarding sovereignty and security of China, overcoming difficulties and risks arising in the political and economic spheres and those brought about by natural disasters, and in particular coping successfully with the impact of the Asian financial crisis and achieving complete victory in efforts to flood relief in 1998. In September 2004, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 16th CPC Central Committee approved Jiang’s request to step down as chairman of the Party’s Central Military Commission. In March 2005, the second plenary meeting of the third session of the 10th National People’s Congress approved Jiang’s request to step down as chairman of the Central Military Commission of the PRC. After retiring from the leadership positions, Jiang has firmly supported the work of the CPC Central Committee and extended support to it. He showed concern for the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and resolutely supported efforts to improve Party conduct and fight corruption. Jiang was personally in charge of editing and finalization of the first, second and third volumes of “Selected Works of Jiang Zemin”. These works include Jiang’s representative and creative works from the late 1980s to the beginning of the 21st century. The Three Representations Theory founded by Jiang is a guiding ideology that the Party should uphold for the long term. It is also a precious intellectual treasure of the Party and the people.As China embarks on a new journey, the whole Party, the whole army and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups should follow the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its heart and strive tirelessly to build a modern socialist country. in all respects and advance national rejuvenation on all fronts.