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    SCO injects more positivity into regional stability, development as Xi's proposals win hearts of international community

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    The successful experience of the SCO is to adhere to political trust, win-win cooperation, equality among nations, openness and inclusion as well as fairness and justice.

    Xi’s visits to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan during his first trip abroad since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic reflect the high level and uniqueness of China‘s relations with the two countries.

    China has always acted responsibly, cooperatively and inclusively within the organization to facilitate deeper integration.

    BEIJING, Sept. 17 (Xinhua) — Chinese President Xi Jinping comes to to conclude his visit to the two countries on Friday evening after concluding his participation in the 22nd meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Heads of State Council. Organization (SCO) and state visits to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

    During a packed three-day schedule, Xi participated intensively in nearly 30 events, showcasing multilateral and bilateral programs, and covering security and development issues. There are many highlights and fruitful results, which have strongly pushed the expansion of the SCO to a new step forward and brought China‘s relations with relevant countries to a new level.

    Experts, scholars and world officials spoke highly of Xi’s call for a closer SCO community with a shared future, as well as China‘s initiatives and role in the SCO community and beyond, expecting the organization to enhance stability and development across the Eurasian continent.

    OPENING A NEW STAGE OF SCO DEVELOPMENT UNDER THE SHANGHAI SPIRIT

    Since its founding in 2001, the SCO, which now has eight full members, four observer countries and multiple dialogue partners, has become not only a solid pillar of peace and development in the world, but also a major force for the international community. equity and justice.

    In his speech at the SCO summit on Friday, Xi summed up the organization’s successful experience of adhering to political trust, win-win cooperation, equality between nations, openness and inclusion as well as fairness and justice.

    These five points fully embody the spirit of Shanghai — mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for the diversity of civilizations and pursuit of common development, he said.

    “We owe the remarkable success of the SCO to the Spirit of Shanghai. And we will continue to follow guidance as we move forward,” Xi said.

    Gulru Gezer, Turkish foreign policy adviser and former diplomat, sees the Spirit of Shanghai as “an example of a new way of cooperating”, which is particularly important when “the world needs new models of relations” in a multilateral era.

    While the world is undergoing accelerated changes unprecedented for a century, and a new phase of uncertainty and transformation, the spirit of Shanghai could be “instrumental in building bridges between nations and continents, promoting the economic integration of regions, and mitigating many regional and global challenges,” said BR Deepak, chairman of the Center for China and Southeast Asian Studies at New Delhi-based Jawaharlal Nehru University.

    Under the joint efforts of Xi and other leaders, the summit adopted more than 40 documents covering areas such as economy, finance, science and technology, culture and exchanges between people, institution building and the outside world. interactions. He has also issued a number of statements and documents on safeguarding global food security, international energy security, combating climate change, and maintaining a secure, stable and diverse supply chain.

    It should be noted that an increasing number of countries have applied to join the SCO family. At the summit, Iran officially became a full member of the SCO. China and other SCO members have also started the procedure for Belarus to join, granted Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Qatar the status of SCO dialogue partners and reached to an agreement on the admission of Bahrain, the Maldives, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Myanmar as new dialogue partners. .

    Mehmood Ul Hassan Khan, director of the Center for South Asian and International Studies based in Islamabad, believes that the SCO principle of non-alliance, non-confrontation and no targeting no third party has won the hearts of many countries; and that its modern visions on politics, security, economics and human society are quite attractive to countries in the region and beyond.

    WRITE A NEW CHAPTER OF China FRIENDSHIP- KAZAKHSTAN AND China-UZBEKISTAN

    In 2013, during his tour of Central Asia, Xi first proposed the Silk Road Economic Belt, a component of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI ), Kazakhstan, and made a special visit to Samarkand in Uzbekistan. . The Silk Road economic belt has since closely linked China to the two Central Asian countries.

    This time, Xi paid visits to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan on his first trip to foreigners since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, which clearly reflects the high level and uniqueness of China‘s relations with the two countries, as well as the close friendship and deep trust between the heads of state .

    In formal talks with Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, Xi said China stands ready to work with Kazakhstan to firmly support each other’s development and rejuvenation, and that the unfailing friendship between China and Kazakhstan will contribute to the growth of positive and progressive forces in the world and to the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind.

    During his talks with Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Xi stressed that China and Uzbekistan always respect each other, value good neighborliness and work in partnership for mutual benefits. China is ready to work with Uzbekistan to implement the vision of a China-Uzbek community with a shared future and deepen all-round cooperation for mutual benefit, he said.

    Xi received the Order of the Golden Eagle conferred by Tokayev and the First Order of Friendship conferred by Mirziyoyev, and signed and issued joint statements respectively with the two colleagues, comprehensively summarizing the achievements and experience accumulated over the past 30 years of diplomatic relations and draw a blueprint for future development.

    Xi’s visit demonstrates “the important role that Kazakhstan plays in China‘s foreign policy “, said Gulnar Shaimergenova, director of the Center for Chinese Studies in Kazakhstan, who expects the “very important diplomatic event” to give a strong impetus to the further deepening of bilateral relations.

    “I think the visit of the Chinese leader s will be productive for the further development of bilateral relations in all areas,” said former SCO Secretary General Bolat Nurgaliev.

    Azamat Seitov, professor at the National University of Uzbekistan , noted that cooperation between Uzbekistan and China in investment and technology is booming, which will accelerate the technological upgrading and diversification of the Uzbek economy, and boost the country’s exports. potential.

    INJECT POSITIVITY INTO EURASIAN PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT

    In Samarkand, Xi held bilateral meetings with 10 leaders attending the EU summit. SCO and the meeting of heads of state of China, Russia and Mongolia. These events play an important role in guiding the development of bilateral relations and strengthening regional peace and stability.

    These diplomatic efforts have shown that “China is willing to work with the SCO community to deepen cooperation in law enforcement, security and defense, and the fight against drug trafficking, transnational organized crime and terrorism,” among other areas, said Joseph Matthews , senior professor at BELTEI International University in Phnom Penh.

    As a positive force within the SCO, China‘s proposed initiatives “such as the “Belt and Road Initiative “The Global Development Initiative and the Global Security Initiative are key to strengthening multilateralism, international cooperation and solidarity to address global challenges and concerns of common interests,” he added. .

    Over the past few years, the SCO has opened up tremendous development opportunities for the region and the rest of the world by enhancing connectivity within the framework of the Belt and Road, advancing the synergy between the initiative and the development plans of the countries of the region. Since 2001, the combined economic size of SCO countries has increased about 13 times.

    In these years, China and other member states have used the SCO as a platform to promote synergy between China‘s proposed BRI and other countries’ development strategies, said Selcuk Colakoglu, director of the Turkish Center for Asia-Pacific Studies. “Today, thanks to the efforts of the SCO, the borders of member countries are safer and more secure, and their economies are more integrated.”

    Calling the SCO a “model for others regional organizations,” Colakoglu said, “As one of the founding members of the SCO, China has always acted responsibly, cooperatively and inclusively within the organization to facilitate deeper integration.”

    In a highly interconnected world where non-traditional threats are more difficult, countries can only promote peace and safeguard development gains through joint development and cooperation, said Pramod Jaiswal, Research Director of the Nepal Institute for International Cooperation. and Engagements.

    Therefore, China‘s vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind is particularly worth appreciating, observed Jaiswal, adding that he believes China has played a crucial role and encourage greater participation in the cause.

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