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    Senator Kovitidi proposed to exclude a number of diseases from the grounds for deferment from service

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    The eligibility criteria for military service must be updated, excluding from them a number of diseases that provide grounds for deferment from conscription, Crimean Senator Olga Kovitidi told RIA Novosti. She believes that flat feet and scoliosis of certain degrees are not considered sufficient grounds for impeding conscription.

    “It is necessary to update the criteria for fitness for military service, to exclude diseases in which a conscript is declared unfit for service” – said she.

    She reminded that they are exempt from conscription and military training , for example, conscripts with flat feet and scoliosis of certain degrees.

    In addition, it is necessary to update the approaches to the training of junior officers, Kovitidi noted.

    Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Health Protection Fedot Tumusov said “Rise” , that the decision to change the eligibility criteria should be made by the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Health.

    “Any deputy and senator can make any proposals. But I think that the

    criteria can be considered and discussed, but should be decided from the point of view of the expediency and effectiveness of combat service. This will be determined by a special commission of the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Defense, ”said the deputy.

    Categories of fitness for military service

    A – fit for military service. Completely healthy, has no deviations.

    A1 – fit without restrictions;

    А2–А4 — good with different load limits.

    B — fit for military service with minor restrictions. There are diseases that do not interfere with the draft.

    B – limitedly fit for military service. Released from conscription in peacetime and not called up for training, but enrolled in the reserve and can be called up during mobilization (not in the first place).

    G – temporarily unfit for military service. A deferral is given for training or injury (fracture, dystrophy, obesity, and so on).

    D – unfit for military service. The category exempts the conscript from conscription and military duty in its entirety.

    The right to deferment

    According to the Federal Law N 31-FZ “On mobilization training and mobilization in the Russian Federation”, the delay is granted to the following categories of citizens:

    1) booked in in the manner determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, as well as members of the Federation Council and deputies of the State Duma ;

    2) recognized as temporarily unfit for military service for health reasons – on up to six months;

    3) busy with the constant care of a close relative (father, mother, wife, etc.), in need of constant outside care for health reasons, or who are disabled of group I;

    3.1) being the guardian or custodian of a minor sibling and (or) a minor sibling;

    4) and having dependent four or more children under 16 years of age or having dependent and raising one without a mother a child or more up to 16 years of age (for women – one child or more up to 16 years of age, as well as in case of pregnancy, the duration of which is at least 22 weeks);

    5) not less than 22 weeks, and having three dependent children under 16;

    6) mothers raising four or more children without their husbands up to eight years.

    Disease category D

    This list includes diseases that completely exempt a citizen from undergoing military service.

    1) Infectious and parasitic diseases — active progressive tuberculosis, late / congenital syphilis, HIV infection, leprosy, dermatophytosis.

    2) Neoplasms – the list includes neoplasms, not amenable to radika removal or in the event of distant metastases. Also, in some cases, citizens with actively progressive neoplasms are recognized as completely unfit;

    3) Diseases of the blood , hematopoietic organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism – in case the diseases progress rapidly or have a significant impairment of body functions;

    4) Diseases of the endocrine system , eating disorders and disorders metabolism – category D is received only by those whose diseases have led to a significant violation of the functions of the body or individual organs ( Euthyroid goiter );

    5) Mental disorders – citizens with pronounced persistent mental and neurotic disorders are considered completely unfit. In the list schizophrenia, schizotypal disorders, schizoaffective, delusional, acute and transient psychotic disorders, as well as affective disorders (mood disorders );

    6) Diseases of the nervous system – category D is given for epileptic seizures that occur 5 or more times in year, with inflammatory, demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system, which led to a significant disruption of body functions, had a stroke with stage III dyscirculatory encephalopathy, and so on;

    7) Diseases of the eye and its auxiliary organs – myopia or hyperopia of any eye in one of the meridians more than 12.0 diopters, or astigmatism of any kind in any eye with a refraction difference in the two main meridians of more than 6.0 diopters, glaucoma or non-traumatic detachment retinas in both eyes will give full exemption from military service;

    8) After the effects of injuries, poisoning and other influences of external factors – category D is assigned to people with a foreign body in the skull, with a defect in the skull bones of more than 40 square meters. cm, replaced by plastic material, or more than 10 sq. see, unreplaced plastic material, fractures of various bones (including limbs), spine, injuries of the skin and internal organs that led to serious functional impairment.

    A complete list of diseases can be found here.

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