Head of the Ministry of Health Mikhail Murashko called “vicious practice” the desire of women to first get an education and build a career, and then have children. In his opinion, postponing pregnancy leads to infertility, miscarriage and other medical problems. In addition, the period “for the birth of the third and fourth child” is being reduced.
provide for yourself and only after that … take care of childbearing, ”the minister said.
A woman who decides to delay motherhood, in addition to the problems of becoming a mother in the future, may also face “a number of other gynecological diseases,” he added. Early childbirth, as Murashko assures, prevents their development.
Young Russian women “virtually from school” need to be explained that you first need to give birth to a child, and then get an education and build a career. “The situation needs to be reviewed. The message must be different. The sooner she gives birth, the better for the health of the woman herself, for the health of the children and her career, in the long run, ”concluded the head of the department.
“These are already “technological” children”
Tatyana Butskaya, deputy chairman of the State Duma Committee on Family, Women and Children, said that she fully supports the minister’s call, since “the body does not get younger over the years.”
“How were we taught at the medical institute? That the number of genetic pathologies after 35 years increases exponentially. That is, the chances that the child will be with a genetic pathology are doubling and tripling every day, ”she emphasized in an interview with Gazeta.
According to Butskaya, we go to Russia together“ with chewing gum and jeans “other values came -” live for yourself.
Third year, not married, why? Strange,” she explained. health is gone.”
“You can give birth to a child at 35. With modern technology, you can try hard even at 60, but these are already “technological” children. Therefore, of course, I support the opinion of our Minister of Health,” the parliamentarian said. She also recalled possible payments and preferential terms for young families with children. These are payments to women during pregnancy, and child benefits, and maternity capital, “which is already striving for a million”, and subsidies for the birth of a third child in the amount of 450 thousand rubles.
” And institutes meet halfway, young mothers go to distance learning. The course is adjusted to them. A group of temporary stay of children in universities is being done, ”added the deputy chairman.
“ Just make the right decision, plan to have a baby, and then you won’t be left alone, ”summed up the deputy.
The birth rate in Russia has been growing smoothly since the late 1990s, but starting from 2015, it began to fall. The biggest “pit” was in 2017 – a decline of 10.5%. In 2020, the number of births fell by 3.2%, in 2021 – by 2.3%, in 2022 – 6.8%.
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According to the “Demoscope”, against the backdrop of a decline in the birth rate, the trend of reducing the number of abortions, observed since the early 1990s, still persists . Compared to 1990, the number of abortions has decreased by 9.2 times.
Demographers also note that the recorded decline in the birth rate is partly due to a decrease in the number of women in the ages of greatest reproductive activity (in 2000-2014 years, more generations of women born in the 1980s entered fertile age).
In the 1990s, 42% of babies were born to mothers in the 20 to 24 age group. About 25% are in the 25-29 age group.
In recent years, most mothers are in the 25-29 age group (about 31% since 2010). About a quarter of mothers are aged 20-24. Approximately the same share (24%) is in the group of 30-34 years old (whereas in 2000 it was only 15%).
The contribution of the age group of 15-17 years old decreased from 3-4% to 1%, groups of 18-19 years old – from 12-13% to 4%, groups of 35-39 years old – increased to 13% (5%), 40-44 years old – up to 3% (1%), 45-49 years – up to 0.2% (0.04% in 2000).