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    Turkish President Erdogan says Putin wants to end conflict in Ukraine as soon as possible

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    “They are trying to finish this work”

    Recep Tayyip Erdogan arrived in New York for the 77th session of the UN General Assembly. In an interview with the American television channel PBS, he said that, according to his information, Moscow and Kyiv agreed on the exchange of 200 prisoners of war. According to the President of Turkey, this is a “good event.”

    “As a leader, I am not looking for an answer to the question, “Russia is more effective or Ukraine?” My request, my advice to Mr. Zelensky is that a war that ends in the death of people cannot be won,” leads Erdogan’s words to the Anadolu agency.

    According to the Turkish President, thanks to the conclusion of the food deal in Istanbul, Ukraine exported almost three million tons of agricultural products. Erdogan hopes that products will be delivered not to developed countries, but to “underdeveloped or poor” states.

    Answering the question of how to quickly end the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, the Turkish leader said that Russia‘s position is important.

    “I realized that they (Russian authorities – Gazeta) are actually trying to end this as soon as possible. The problems because of this are too big. But here Ukraine and Russia need a common understanding. Now we must be determined to stop this conflict and this war,” he said.

    How to achieve peace

    According to Erdogan, “the return of the occupied lands” will be of great importance for achieving peace.

    “This is what they want and expect. Mr. [UN Secretary General António] Guterres is taking steps in this direction. There are steps that we have taken,” the Turkish president added, specifying that he asked Putin to transfer Crimea to Ukraine.

    Erdogan stressed that “not a single leader said after his step:“ I did wrong ” . He is sure that the world “should see it” both from the side of the Russian leader and the Ukrainian one.

    “None of the occupations can be justified. Mr. Zelensky and Mr. Putin, and not us, can best explain the causes and consequences (the beginning of the special operation of the Russian Federation – Gazeta) <...> We are here to listen to both sides. That is why I insist so much on the meeting of the leaders. We have not succeeded yet, but I do not lose hope,” Erdogan emphasized. leader, the answer to the question of who is responsible for the deaths of people should be given by the UN. He is also sure that Russia is a country “that defends its interests and fights for them.” To end the conflict, the world community “needs to make efforts to come to a conclusion, not by being on the side of one leader, but by agreeing with both,” Erdogan believes.

    “We must pay attention that people do not die only on the Ukrainian side, but also on the Russian side,” he stressed.

    Return of territories

    August 23 Erdogan said that “Turkey does not recognize the annexation of Crimea” and considers the annexation of the peninsula to Russia “illegal”.

    “Turkey is determined to continue mediation efforts and steps to bring peace in Ukraine The return of Crimea to Ukraine is a requirement of international law,” the Turkish President said.

    Erdogan also noted that Ankara’s position on this issue “is not only based on the letter of the law, but is also a fundamental reflection of the moral position” of the country.

    “The preservation of the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political unity of Ukraine is critically important not only for region, but also global security and stability,” Erdogan stressed, concluding that Ankara “stands for a just world based on the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine.”

    The next day, August 24, the official representative of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Ibrahim Kalin, said in an interview with CNN International that “Russia must stop its attacks on Ukrainian cities” and also called Crimea “a part of Ukraine”. He stressed that the return of the peninsula to Ukraine “should be the basis for the conclusion of any agreement” between Moscow and Kyiv.

    Crimea became part of Russia following a 2014 referendum. Russian authorities claim that 96.77% of the region’s residents and 95.6% of Sevastopol’s voters voted in favor of joining. Kyiv considers the peninsula to be temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine.

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