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    Who is in the SCO, who is for firewood // Secretaries of the Security Councils of the countries of the organization spoke in Tashkent about completely different things

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    The secretaries of the Security Councils of the countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) met in Tashkent on Friday, where they discussed the agenda of the summit scheduled for September. At the same time, as noted by experts from the countries of the region interviewed by Kommersant, among the members of the organization there is still no common understanding of what the essence of the SCO is and what its role should be. While Russia seeks to make this association the center of resistance to the US and its allies, other countries are trying to avoid such harsh formulations and only talk about what causes the least controversy – for example, about the situation in Afghanistan.

    Role and authority The SCO is growing in world affairs, Secretary of the Russian Security Council Nikolai Patrushev assured at a meeting in Tashkent. This, according to him, is evidenced by “an unprecedented number of applications both for joining the organization and for obtaining the status of an observer or dialogue partner.”

    Let us recall that two countries – Iran and Belarus. Egypt, Qatar and Saudi Arabia are expected to receive dialogue partner status at the September summit. In addition, the procedure for granting such a status to Bahrain and the Maldives will be launched. Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia and Nepal claim the status of an observer at the SCO (it is higher than the status of a dialogue partner).

    In his speech, the Secretary of the Russian Security Council repeatedly mentioned the global confrontation in which Moscow and on the SCO (currently China, India, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan), from his point of view, are on the same side. “The special military operation launched by our country in Ukraine is used only as a pretext for unleashing an unprecedented global anti-Russian campaign,” Mr. Patrushev said, counting on the understanding of his colleagues. “I note that Ukraine was not chosen by Washington, London and Brussels by chance. Westerners understand that in our historical memory, Russians and Ukrainians have always been a single and inseparable people with a common culture and destiny.” The speaker accused the “Anglo-Saxons” not only of trying to “create a foothold for exerting pressure” on Russia, but also of striving to “create a precedent for further fragmentation of the Russian ethnos in order to completely eradicate it.”

    Secretary of Ideological Opponents I found the Russian Security Council, in particular, in the region where Moscow has been actively looking for (and often finds) partners over the past decades. “In the Asia-Pacific region, the United States and its allies are also creating closed blocs, in whose activities they are trying to attract the maximum number of states on an anti-Russian or anti-Chinese basis,” he said. And he spoke especially harshly about Japan, which allegedly “is struggling to take a leading position among the world movement of Russophobes.”

    For example, according to the website Akordy (Administration of the President of Kazakhstan), “the parties exchanged views on the main aspects of further development of cooperation in such areas as countering terrorism, separatism and extremism, illegal arms and drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, ensuring international information security.” Afghanistan is also mentioned in the message, which, apparently, was one of the central topics of the speech of the Secretary of the Security Council of Kazakhstan, Gizat Nurdauletov. “The parties advocated the formation of this country as an independent, united, democratic and peaceful state, free from terrorism, war and drugs,” Akorda reports.

    The Secretary of the Security Council of Kyrgyzstan spoke in approximately the same spirit Marat Imankulov. He stated that security in the SCO space is directly related to Afghanistan and the normalization of the situation in this country should be a priority for all members of the organization.

    “I am skeptical about the SCO in the new expand. Back in 2017, when the organization accepted India and Pakistan into its membership, between which one of the most difficult conflicts in the world continues to smolder, it began to turn into an amorphous one, Mr. Rakhimov told Kommersant. government, which will only make matters worse. Russia, apparently, uses this amorphousness to continue to voice its ideas on the SCO platform. But the only problem is that the significance of these statements is reduced – it’s just a statement in some discussion club. In order to convince SCO comrades-in-arms to take its side, Moscow, according to Mr. Rakhimov, needs either a bright idea or an offer to “share the profits” if successful. “But Russia offers neither one nor the other,” the expert concluded. “The traditional values ​​that are constantly talked about in Moscow are not an idea for which one can take risks.”

    the idea in an interview with Kommersant was also expressed by Kazakhstani political scientist Marat Shibutov. “Initially, the SCO was created to solve the problem of China‘s border with the post-Soviet countries and ensure mutual security,” he recalled. “Moreover, when the organization was created, this problem had already been resolved, and all the main documents had already been signed. Hence the disagreement – everyone sees the future of the organization in their own way. At the same time, Russia, according to Mr. Shibutov, “divides the skin of an unkilled bear”: “The SCO is an Asian organization, and in Asia they respect strength and do not like idle talk. It is possible to call for uniting against the Anglo-Saxons after the capture of Kyiv, and not in the current situation. Therefore, it is not surprising that all other countries prefer to discuss mundane things that need to be resolved now.”

    . Smaller players will focus on them, while the difference in approaches is quite normal – it is found in all organizations, – said Mr. Dzermant. – As for Belarus, all the doors in the West are now closed for it – perhaps forever. Therefore, it is quite logical that the SCO is a very interesting platform for it. Considering the relations of Belarus with Russia and China, it will definitely not be a stranger in this club.”

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